Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs. Many individuals muske pidzame decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from muske pidzame the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, in the US, they've got from time to time integrated the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short dress top more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they grew to become well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.